Okay, here is tonight’s rule: Governments that scam the asset markets (and their citizens) take all manner of half measures to defend failed policies before undertaking structural reform. (This includes defending the currency, some asset sales, anything that avoids true shrinkage of the role of government.) The five stages of grieving apply here.
I know I wrote it 8+ years ago, but it feels very live now. At present it is most obvious to apply the logic to the PIIGS, and American municipalities that have overextended themselves.
But consider New Jersey that has cut back considerably, and the Kansas City School District that has cut almost half of their schools. Their backs were to the wall, and they took brave actions to cut back.
But many municipalities remain in denial. They have long distinguished histories, they cannot fail. They just need to tax (or borrow) a little more to make ends meet. Maybe they should raise the rate they expect to earn on pension assets, or offer sweeter pensions instead of greater wage hikes. This is a big part of the crisis now, and is biting hard.
When the taxes do not come in as expected, or budgets were underestimated, and there is more spending than expected (Snow, Flood, Hurricane) there is anger, and anger drives the hopeless negotiations (bargaining) over spending cuts, over which no one wants to budge. Not only are there priorities in what interest groups want, there are things that are guaranteed by statute, and some guaranteed by constitution. Consider the constitutional guarantees on public sector employee benefits in Illinois. Just try to change the Illinois Constitution; that won’t be easy.
After that comes the final stage of acceptance, where finally the tough adjustments are made, and solvency restored, or, bankruptcy is entered, with all of the attendant costs. Deals are made to reduce budget items that were previously sacrosanct, such as entitlements, public sector employee benefits and salaries, etc. That is not happening today, not even in New Jersey.
One final note: just as the last refuge of scoundrels that run companies is to blame the shorts, so it is for scoundrels that run governments — they blame the speculators.